Colonoscopy is an examination of the inside of the rectum and entire colon using a colonoscope to detect symptoms of many diseases such as colon cancer, bleeding, abdominal pain, colon blockage, constipation, and irritable bowel. Colonoscopy is exercised by a colonoscopy specialist to evaluate the inside of the colon with a four foot long, flexible tube called colonoscope, a camera and a source of light at its tip. During the examination, the tube is inserted into the anus of the patient, and then advanced into the rectum and colon.

Why do you need a colonoscopy?

  • Abdominal pain
  • Anemia
  • Bleeding symptoms
  • Bowel movement changes
  • Colon polyps
  • Colorectal cancer screening
  • Diarrhea
  • Diverticulosis and diverticulitis
  • Inflammatory bowel disease
  • Unexplained weight loss

Colonoscopy procedure:

  1. Insertion of an intravenous line into the back of your hand to provide medications
  2. Medications are given to provide deep sedation and feel no pain
  3. Laying of the patient in a position that suits the procedure
  4. Insertion of colonoscope through the anus and up into the colon
  5. Withdrawal of the colonoscope and taking photographs
  6. Removal of colon polyps, if found any
  7. Sending tissue for analysis to determine if the polyp is cancerous

Immediately after the colonoscopy procedure, you can expect:

  • Bloating
  • Gas
  • Mild cramping

You may have something to drink and eat about one hour after you are fully awake. Interestingly, you can go home after about four hours.

Whether you need a colonoscopy for the screening of colon cancer, bleeding, abdominal pain, colon blockage, constipation or irritable bowel, South Mississippi Surgeons delivers you the best colonoscopy solutions in the least amount of time. These procedures can be done at any of our affiliated health systems, as well as affiliated endoscopy and surgery centers.